Methods Of 6G Welding – A Simple A-to-Z

There are several forms of welding techniques used today and probably the most complicated and challenging ones is 6G pipe welding. This welding technique typically involves joining cylindrical metal tubes using a shielded metal arc welding technique or a gas shielded arc welder. There are many challenging methods to learn to turn into a professional welder and 6G welding is the most complex and hard to find out (keep in mind: you can certainly find out more by visiting this article).

To become professional and proficient welder, one should are able to tackle different tasks and anticipate to become familiar with various materials in different thicknesses. There are several challenges relevant to 6G pipe welding with all the main ones concerning the positions you have to be in for you to get the work done as well as the skills you need to master the welding techniques needed that you should attain the greatest results. Fortunately, those that do well at 6G welding generally earn a lot more than welders who happen to be proficient at simpler welding techniques. And that’s for the reason that 6G welding approach is very difficult to learn.

What’s 6G Welding?

The “G” in 6G refers back to the weld type, which is actually a groove weld while the “6” describes the position of the welded pipes. Groove welds are joints that join two metal tubes where space in between the two is loaded with welding material.

A standard welding process that’s used when welding pipes is open root welding. Using this type of technique, the welding joint doesn’t hire a tacked backing plate. This procedure can be a bit hard to master because the weld will be made across a gap. To protect yourself from making mistakes and messing the job, welders must employ the best welding techniques.

One thing that complicates pipe welding would be the fact getting around the pipe to gain access to the gap will most likely signify you block your view using one of the hands eventually. Besides that, it’s a welding technique that will need you to use both hands to get the job done. Consequently, it’s vital that you make time to find out which of your sides is definitely the good side and which is the bad one in terms of pipe welding – and that’s correlated to whether you’re left-handed or right-handed.

Working on the left-hand side from the tube is going to be challenging for right-handed people, and vice-versa. Identifying this obstacle early will assist you to learn ways to overcome it to actually don’t mess up your welds.

Working with Pipe Welding Positions

Becoming skilled at using the right positions will ensure you always obtain the best results when pipe welding. The device of letters and numbers you can see on pipes is a sort of code that indicates the type of joint and position it is necessary to use.

There are actually four welding positions and these are 1G, 2G, 5G, and 6G.

The 1G position is actually a flat welding position that’s not used very often. Though it’s still vital that you learn it as a a welder. 1G welding is basically flat-welding because the tube is lying on the curved edge (on its side) and can be rotated during welding.

The 2G position, on the flip side, is fixed – the pipe being welded can’t be turned. However, since it is positioned on its base, welding the pipe becomes simpler since it is stabler and sturdier.

The same as the 1G position, 5G position means the pipe is horizontal but can’t be moved as it’s fixed in position. In such a case, you’ll need to weld the pope in different positions, including overhead. Other positions used in combination with this position include vertical down and vertical up.

Probably the most challenging welding position is definitely the 6G welding position. That’s for the reason that pipe being welded reaches a 45-degree angle. 6G welding will need you to pay very close attention to both your bad and good side since welding without blocking your view using one of the hands is virtually impossible.

When you view the letter “R” in welding codes, which means that the welding position is actually a restricted one – and that’s either visually or physically.

The 6G Welding Position

Something that complicate 6G welding is the fact because the welds are vertical, molten filling metal is likely to flow downward into the joint cavity during welding. To prevent this, you need to practice a lot. Also, given that both pipes are horizontal to one another with one tube positioned at the 45O angle towards the other, choosing the best position as being a welder can be hard. Using this type of welding technique, you will find yourself needing to use different body positions along with other skills to perform your ultimate goal.

6G Welds: Just what are They User For?

Groove welds are used on all sorts of joints except lap joints (i.e., joints constructed from overlapping tubes.) While it’s rare for certified welders to encounter pipes which require a 6G weld throughout their career, the welding position is frequently used as being a pre-employment test.

The 6G Welding Test

Also called the Arkansas Bellhole Tests, the 6G welding test is used to weigh the skill sets of any welder. The test is very stringent because the welder has to use various welding techniques (horizontal, vertical, and flat welding) to achieve a 6G weld. These welds are often produced by welders in trades including steel working, which require skilled welding abilities. After a welder will make good 6G welds, they are tested onto it and obtain certified once they pass the test.

6G Welding Certification

Those planning to become certified pipe welders need to pass through a, somewhat, demanding process as they have to prove that they are not just good with welding machines but that they can also can produce quality penetration and can work in restricted spaces with restricted views. Besides that, a prospective welder must pass a test regarding their all-position welding technique.

You can discover more when it comes to the 6G welding accreditation on this page:

To acquire a 6G certification, you will have to attend a good welding school, which may be costly and time-consuming. However, eventually, you’ll have gained extra skills that increase your career as being a welder.

6G pipe welding is probably the toughest weld certifications tests a welder can pass as the pipe is immovable and also at a 45-degree angle. To become 6G certified, you need to prove you could weld pipes in all of the positions – overhead, horizontal, and vertical – and you are proficient at welding with both hands.

Certification Sources

In The US, 6G certification exists through the American Welding Society jointly with a myriad of other organizations which provide certification tests. The American Welding Society lists over 80 accredited weld testing institutions where applicants might take 6G certification tests. The Society’s certification application incorporates a weld testing section that needs to be completed by among its Accredited Testing Facilities.

Some 6G pipe welder certification providers in the usa provide training to help you welders pass their certification test. As an illustration, AVTEC offers certification after a welder has completed its 75 days of training and 450 hours welding degree program. Industrial Training Solutions, on the flip side, sponsors a 6G welder certification that requires 120-hours of hands-on welding instructions in preparation to the welding certification exam.

Costs and Requirements

Each welder’s certification program requires its applicants to fulfill specific requirements. As an illustration, some facilities, like Industrial Training Solutions, requires their applicants to possess some numerous years of welding experience (2 years in cases like this) before they are able to enter into the program. Others requires that you simply hold, at a minimum, a 3G welding certification.

It’s worth noting that the price of acquiring 6G pipe welding certification varies based on the institution providing the certification. The AWS charges about $35 for each certification, while the price of tests are catered for by applicants. Most programs cost around $4,000 to $5,000 – and this includes testing and training.

How Much Do 6G Welders Make?

The typical hourly rate for 6G welders in the United States is $24.91/hour though this might get to as high as $40/hour or as little as $17/hour, depending on how experienced and skilled a welder is as well as the state they reside. A seasoned 6G welder can earn just as much as $98k/year (this consists of commissions, bonuses, and profit-sharing) should they be good at what they do and work with a large company.


Mastering the skill of pipe welding might take your work to great heights. However, this means learning probably the most complicated and challenging welding skills and methods from the welding industry. However, if you put in the time and effort and pass the certifications, you will have gained a very-prized skillset that may be desired by a number of the top employers from the metalworks industry. While 6G welding doesn’t require any special or extra equipment, it’s a welding procedure that is just not to the half-hearted. If you are looking at becoming a professional and reputable 6G welder, find a very good welding school, put in the effort, and obtain a 6G welding certification. Even though it might be the most significant challenge you possess ever faced, figuring out how to professionally 6G pipe weld boosts your chances of becoming a much sought-after professional welder.

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